Centre’s move to allow the direct sale of ethanol as a fuel for compatible automobiles is expected to boost demand, said India Ratings and Research (Ind-Ra). According to the agency, the move assumes significance especially for the sugar industry as India might not be able extend export subsidies beyond 2023, according to the decisions taken at the World Trade Organisation’s Nairobi Ministerial meeting in December 2015. “Of the total contracted quantity of 3 billion litres for ethanol supply season 2020-21, 0.8 billion litres of ethanol had been supplied till the first week of March, indicating a blending rate of around 7 per cent, though states such as UP, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttarakhand and Bihar achieved a higher blending rate of up to 10 per cent,” the report said.
“About 78 per cent of the total ethanol supplied comprised ethanol made from cane juice or B-heavy molasses.”
Recently, Centre had proposed to advance the deadline for blending 20 per cent ethanol in petrol from the earlier announced 2030 to 2024.
The use of 20 per cent doped petrol or E20 decreases the carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons emissions significantly, compared to normal gasoline in two-wheelers and four-wheelers.
The increased blending will also reduce use of polluting fossil fuel in the country.
The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has already notified the use of E20 and issued mass emission standards for the same.
Now it is up to the oil companies and automobile companies to build capacities for both production and use of E20.